This is the first volume from a series of three conferences which will focus on technological and industrial policy in China and Europe. Today we can see all countries becoming more and more closely linked into a global network of economic, technological and industrial relations. Europe constitutes a large share of the industrialized world. China is a still larger share of a potentially industrialized global economy. Given this situation it is essential to have good descriptions of the changes affecting us. Equally important are good analytical tools – in order to understand the changes and make suggestions for the required policies.
The proceedings from the first conference held in Lund, Sweden, in June 1981 should be seen in the light of this global framework. Some 15 researchers came from the People’s Republic of China, United Kingdom and Sweden. The participants were not China watchers or Europe watchers but came together to present their views on significant aspects of policies in their own countries. The conference themes included
- Technical Change and Employment
- Incentives and Limits for Innovation and Technology Transfer
- Role of Financial Institutions in the Development of New Technologies
The present volume gives an up-to-date presentation of certain important elements in the analysis of technical change with examples from the engineering industry, electronics and the building sector.
Many of the papers reflect the increased pressures on policy-making bodies to promote technological and industrial development at the national, sectoral and company levels. This is particularly true for technology policy which is influenced by an increasing awareness of strong links between technological and industrial development. It is the conviction of the convenors that comparative cross-national policy studies will prove useful, not only as a means to improve national policy-making but also as a means to enhance international cooperation and understanding.