This concluding chapter swnmarizes the preceding chapters and indicates the general nature of the main focus, key conceptualizations, methodology, main ftndings and suggestions for further research. The chapter also presents some reflections upon further developments of the field of economics of technology regarding interdisciplinary research and teaching. The need for pluralism in choice of research problems and methods as well as the need for disciplinary perspectives complementary to economics is pointed out. The caveat of biological analogies is emphasized, while general evolutionary modelling and systems theory are advocated. The chapter ends with a philosophical reflection on technocentrism and optimism in a holistic perspective.
Published as chapter 19 in Economics of Technology